Links are provided, where available, to the publications themselves, or an abstract.

Publications for which there is no download option can be requested by contacting us.


  1. Water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion. Disease Control Priorities Project, Working Paper no. 28.
    CAIRNCROSS S, Valdmanis V. 2004. Washington DC: National Institutes of Health.
  2. Water supply and sanitation: some misconceptions
    CAIRNCROSS S. Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2003 Mar; 8(3):193-5.
  3. Water, sanitation and hygiene at Kyoto - hand washing and sanitation need to be marketed as if they were consumer products.
    CURTIS V and CAIRNCROSS S, British Medical Journal Volume 327, 5 July 2003. Publication
  4. Talking Dirty: How to save a million lives.
    CURTIS V, International Journal of Environmental Health Research . 2003 Jun;13 Suppl 1:S73-9. Abstract
  5. Background Paper on Measuring WASH and Food Hygiene Practices
    BIRAN A, CURTIS V, GAUTAM OP, GREENLAND K, ISLAM S, SCHMIDT WP, SIJBESMA C, SUMPTER C, TORONDEL B, Definition of Goals to be Tackled Post 2015 by the Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply & Sanitation.

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Hygiene and Hand washing

  1. Cairncross, S., Curtis, .V, Greenland, K. (2012). What can hand hygiene do for the world? Ahead of Global Handwashing Day, the Hygiene Centre has updated estimates of the number of lives that can be saved by handwashing with soap.
  2. *Biran, A., Schmidt, W.-P., Wright, R., Jones, T., Seshadri, M., Isaac, P., Curtis, V et al. (2009). The effect of a soap promotion and hygiene education campaign on handwashing behaviour in rural India: a cluster randomised trial. Tropical Medicine and International Health 14(10), 1303-1314.
  3. *Schmidt, Wolf-Peter, Robert Aunger, Yolande Coombes, Peninnah Mukiri Maina, Carol Nkatha Matiko, Adam Biran and Valerie Curtis (2009) ‘Determinants of handwashing practices in Kenya: The role of media exposure, poverty and infrastructure.’  Tropical Medicine and International Health 14: 1534-1541.
  4. *Judah, Gaby, Robert Aunger, Valerie Curtis, Wolf-Peter Schmidt and Susan Michie (2009) ‘Experimental pre-testing of potential public health interventions: The case of handwashing with soap’. American Journal of Pubic Health 99:S405-S411.
  5. *Judah, G., Donachie, P., Cobb, E., Schmidt, W., Holland, M., & Curtis, V. (2009). Dirty Hands: bacteria of faecal origin on commuters' hands. Epidemiology and Infection 138(3), 409-414.
  6. Schmidt WP, Wloch, C., Biran, A., Curtis, V., & Mangtani, P. (2009). Formative research on the feasibility of hygiene interventions for influenza control in UK primary schools. BMC Public Health, 9, 390-398.
  7. *Aunger, Robert and Valerie Curtis (2009) ‘Lifebuoy Five Occasions Study’. [Unilever]
  8. *Curtis, V., & Aunger, R. (2010). Formative Research on handwashing in Bangladeshi households for SHEWA-B. Dhaka: Unicef.
  9. Erhard, Loida, Robert Aunger, Fosiul Alam Nizame, and Tarique Huda (2010) ‘Assessment of Hygiene Practices in Primary Schools of Bangladesh’. [UNICEF]
  10. Curtis, V. (2010). Hygiene. In W. H. MacNeill, J. Bentley & D. Christian (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of World History. Barrington MA: Berkshire Publishing.
  11. *Aunger, Robert, Schmidt,WP., Ashish Ranpura, Yolande Coombes, Peninnah Mukiri Maina, Carol Nkatha Matiko and Valerie Curtis (2010) ‘Three kinds of psychological determinants for hand-washing behaviour in Kenya.’  Social Science and Medicine 70: 383-391.
  12. *Burton M, Cobb E, Donachie P, Judah G, Curtis V, Schmidt WP (2011) The effect of handwashing with water or soap on bacterial contamination of hands. Int J Environ Res Public Health 8(1):97-104. Epub Jan 6.
  13. *Curtis V, Schmidt W, Luby S, Florez R, Touré O, Biran A. (2011) Hygiene: new hopes, new horizons. Lancet Infect Dis. Apr;11(4):312-21.
  14. Schmidt, W., & Curtis, V. (2011). Hand and respiratory hygiene for influenza control in the general population. London: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
  15. *Schmidt, W., & Curtis, V. (2011). Respiratory and Hand Hygiene in an Influenza Pandemic: Scientific Evidence Base Review. London: UK Department of Health.
  16. *Aunger, Robert, Katie Greenland and Val Curtis (2011) ‘Determinants of Hygiene Behaviour World-Wide-a quantitative study’ [Hygiene Council]
  17. *Aunger, Robert and Katie Greenland (2011) ‘Neonatal Handwashing Study, Serang, Indonesia’ [USAID-MCHIP-Unilever]
  18. *Dodrill L, Schmidt WP, Cobb E, Donachie P, Curtis V, de Barra M. (2011) Male commuters in north and south England: risk factors for the presence of faecal bacteria on hands. BMC Public Health. 12;11:31.
  19. *Fleischman, Diana, Gregory D Webster, Gaby Judah, Míchèal de Barra, Robert Aunger and Valerie Curtis (in press) ‘Changes in rates of hand washing with soap in response to the media reports of the H1N1 pandemic in Britain’. BMJ Open.
  20. Biran A Enabling Technologies for Handwashing with Soap: A Case Study on the Tippy-Tap in Uganda.  (2011June 6).
  21. Water, sanitation and hygiene for the prevention of diarhoea
    CAIRNCROSS, S. HUNT, C. BOISSON, S. BOSTOEN, K. CURTIS, V. FUNG, I. SCHMIDT, W-P.; 2010, in International Journal of Epidemiology 2010;39:i193–i205
  22. Effect of washing hands with soap on diarrhoea risk in the community: A systematic review.
    CURTIS V and CAIRNCROSS S. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, Vol. 3, May 2003,
  23. Protecting Children from Diarrhoea and Acute Respiratory Infections: The role of Hand Washing Promotion in Water and Sanitation Programmes. (Currently Unavailable)
    SCOTT B, CURTIS V, and RABIE T Regional Health Forum, WHO South-East Asia Region, Vol. 7, Number 1, 2003
  24. Hygiene in the home: relating bugs and behaviour.
    CURTIS V, BIRAN A, Deverell K, Hughes C, Bellamy K, and Draser B Social Science and Medicine, 2003: 57, pp. 657-672.
  25. Childhood diarrhea and observed hygiene behavior in Salvador, Brazil.
    Strina A, CAIRNCROSS S, Barreto ML, Larrea C, Prado MS. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2003 Jun 1; 157(11):1032-8.
  26. Hand washing with soap - a new way to prevent ARIs?
    CAIRNCROSS S. Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2003 Aug;
  27. Is hygiene promotion cost-effective? A case study in Burkina Faso.
    Borghi J, Guinness L, Ouedraogo J, CURTIS V. Tropical Medicine and International Health. Nov; 7 (11):960-9, 2002.
  28. Domestic hygiene and diarrhoea - pinpointing the problem.
    CURTIS V, CAIRNCROSS S, and Yonli R Tropical Medicine and International Health, 2001, Vol. 5 (1), 22-32.
  29. Hygiene: How myths, monsters and mothers-in-law can promote behaviour change.
    CURTIS V. Journal of Infection 2001: 43: 75 - 79
  30. Hygiene and Disease: pinpointing the risk practices.
    CURTIS V, CAIRNCROSS S, Yonli R. Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2000, 5 (1) 22-32.
  31. Potties, pits and pipes: explaining hygiene behaviour in Burkina Faso.
    CURTIS V, Kanki B, Mertens T, Traore E, Diallo I, Tall F, Cousens S. Social Science and Medicine. 1995 Aug; 41(3):383-93.
  32. Child defecation behaviour, stool disposal practices, and childhood diarrhoea in Burkina Faso: results from a case-control study.
    Traore E, Cousens S, CURTIS V, Mertens T, Tall F, Traore A, Kanki B, Diallo I, Rochereau A, Chiron JP, et al. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 1994 Jun; 48(3):270-5.
  33. Too clean, or not too clean: the Hygiene Hypothesis and home hygiene. Clinical and Experimental Allergy 2006
    Bloomfield, S,.F, Stanwell-Smith, R., Crevel, R.W.R. and Pickup, J. 36 402-425.

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  1. Clasen T, Sugden S (2009). Water and Sanitation (Chapter 2.7), in Beaglehole R. et al. (eds.), Oxford Textbook of Public Health. Oxford: Oxford University Press 
  2. *Cairncross S, Bartram J, Cumming O, Brocklehurst C (2010) Hygiene, Sanitation, and Water: What Needs to Be Done? PLoS Med 7(11): e1000365.
  3. Ensink, J HJ, Scott, Christopher A, Brooker, Simon, Cairncross, Sandy (2010) Sewage disposal in the Musi-River, India: water quality remediation through irrigation infrastructure. Irrigation and Drainage Systems 24: 65-77.
  4. Mauricio L. Barreto,Bernd Genser, Agostino Strina, Maria Gloria Teixeira, Ana Marlucia O. Assis, et al, and Sandy Cairncross (2010) Impact of a Citywide Sanitation Program in Northeast Brazil on Intestinal Parasites Infection in Young Children Environ Health Perspect. 118(11): 1637–1642.
  5. Fry LM, Cowden JR, Watkins DW, Clasen T, Mihelcic JR (2010). Quantifying health improvements from water quantity enhancement: an engineering perspective applied to rainwater harvesting in West Africa. Environmental Sci & Tech 15;44(24):9535-41
  6. *Clasen T (2010). Household water treatment and the Millennium Development Goals:  keeping the focus on health.  Environmental Sci & Tech. 44 (19): 7357–7360
  7. *Clasen TF, Bostoen K, Schmidt WP, Boisson S, Fung IC, Jenkins MW, Scott B, Sugden S, Cairncross S. (2010) Interventions to improve disposal of human excreta for preventing diarrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 16;(6):CD007180.
  8. Preston K, Lantagne D, Kotlarz N, and Jellison K (2010). Turbidity and chlorine demand reduction using alum and moringa flocculation before household chlorination in developing countries. J Water Health 8(1), 60-70.
  9. *Marion W. Jenkins and Sandy Cairncross (2010) Modelling latrine diffusion in Benin: towards a community typology of demand for improved sanitation in developing countries. Journal of Water and Health 8:166-183.
  10. Brown, J. and Sobsey, M.  2010.  Microbiological effectiveness of locally produced ceramic filters for drinking water treatment in Cambodia.  Journal of Water and Health 8(1): 1-10. 
  11. *Cairncross, S., Hunt, C., Boisson, S., Bostoen, K., Curtis, V., Fung, I., et al. (2010). Water, sanitation and hygiene for the prevention of diarrhoea. Int J Epidemiol, 39(Sup 1), 193-205.
  12. Andreia C. Santos, Jennifer A. Roberts, Mauricio L. Barreto, Sandy Cairncross (2011) Demand for sanitation in Salvador, Brazil: A hybrid choice approach, Social Science & Medicine 72:1325-1332
  13. *Saboori S, Mwaki A, Oketch B, Porter S, Freeman MC, Rheingans R.  (in press) Sustainability of School Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene.  Lessons Learned and to be Learned. Waterlines.
  14. Wachira S, El-Fatih M, Gitau S, Freeman MC, Snel M. (in press) The use of urinals in Kenyan schools. Waterlines
  15. *Freeman MC, Greene L, Dreibelbis R, Saboori S, Muga R, Rheingans R. (submitted) Assessing the impact of a school-based water, sanitation, and hygiene program on pupil absenteeism, enrollment, and test scores: A cluster-randomized trial. Trop Med International Health
  16. *Freeman MC, Clasen T, Brooker S, Akoko D, Brumback B, Rheingans, R.  (submitted) The impact of a school-based school hygiene, water treatment, and sanitation intervention on reinfection with soil-transmitted helminthes in Western Kenya:  A cluster-randomized trial. PLoS NTD
  17. Clasen T, Fabini D, Boisson S, Song J, Aichinger E, Bui A, Dadashi S, Taneja J, Schmidt W-P,  Burt Z, Nelson K. (submitted) Making Sanitation Count: Developing and Testing a Novel Device for Assessing Latrine Use In Low-Income Settings.
  18. Biran A and Jenkins M. Communal Toilets in Urban Poverty Pockets: Use and user satisfaction associated with seven communal toilet facilities in Bhopal, India. WaterAid   (2011).
  19. Achieving the 'good life': why some people want latrines in rural Benin.
    JENKINS MW, CURTIS V. Social Science and Medicine. 2005 Dec; 61(11):2446-59.
  20. The Case for Marketing Sanitation. Water & Sanitation Programme Field Note.
    CAIRNCROSS S. 2004. Nairobi: The World Bank.
  21. Sanitation in the developing world: Current status & future solutions. (Currently Unavailable)
    CAIRNCROSS S. International Journal of Environmental Health Research. (2003) 13, S123-S131.
  22. Water Supply and Sanitation. Some misconceptions.
    CAIRNCROSS S. Tropical Medicine and International Health, (2003) Vol. 8, no. 13, pp 193-195
  23. Low-cost sanitation technology for the control of intestinal helminths.
    CAIRNCROSS S. Parasitology Today. 1987 Mar; 3(3):94-8.
  24. Irrigation water as a source of drinking: is safe use possible? Tropical Medicine and International Health,
    van der Hoek, W., Konradsen, F., Ensink, J.H.J., Mudasser, M. & Jensen, P.K. (2001). 6 (1), 46-54.

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Household Water Treatment

  1. *Lantagne D, and Clasen T (2009). Point-of-use Water Treatment in Emergency Response. London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.
  1. Boisson S, Schmidt WP, Berhanu T, Gezahegn H, Clasen T. (2009) Randomized controlled trial in rural Ethiopia to assess a portable water treatment device. Environ Sci Technol. Aug 1;43(15):5934-9.
  2. Tiwari SS, Schmidt WP, Darby J, Kariuki ZG, Jenkins MW. (2009) Intermittent slow sand filtration for preventing diarrhoea among children in Kenyan households using unimproved water sources: randomized controlled trial. Trop Med Int Health. 14(11):1374-82.
  3. Boisson S, Tadesse G, Gezahegn H, Gerhanu T, Schmidt W-P, Clasen T (2009). A randomized controlled trial in rural Ethiopia to assess the LifeStraw personal water filter. Environmental Sci. & Tech. 43(15):5934–39
  4. Clasen T, Bartram J, Colford J, Luby S, Quick R, Sobsey M (2009). Comment on “Household Water Treatment in Poor Populations: Is There Enough Evidence for Scaling up Now?” Environmental Sci. & Tech. 43 (14), 5542-5544
  5. Clasen T, Naranjo J, Frauchiger D, Gerba C (2009). Laboratory assessment of a gravity-fed ultrafiltraton water treatment device designed for household use in low-income settings.  Am J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 80(5) 819-823.
  6. Schmidt WP, Cairncross S. (2009) Household water treatment in poor populations: is there enough evidence for scaling up now? Environ Sci Technol. 15;43(4):986-92.
  7. *Clasen T (2009). Scaling Up Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage: in Low-Income Populations. Geneva: World Health Organization
  8. Brown, J. And Sobsey, M.  2009.  Metal oxide amended ceramic media for the capture of  viruses  in drinking water.  Environmental Technology 30(4): 379-391. 
  9. Brown, J., Proum, S., and Sobsey, M.  2009.  Sustained use of a household-scale water filtration  device  in rural Cambodia.  Journal of Water and Health 7(3): 404-411.
  10. Lantagne D, Meierhofer R, Allgood G, McGuigan KG, and Quick R (2009). Comment on Point of use household drinking water filtration: a practical, effective solution for providing sustained access to safe drinking water in the developing world. Environ Sci Technol 43(3), 968-9; author reply 970-1.
  11. Kotlarz N, Lantagne D, Preston K, and Jellison K (2009). Turbidity and chlorine demand reduction using locally available physical water clarification mechanisms before household chlorination in developing countries. J Water Health 7(3), 497-506.
  12. Boisson S, Kiyombo M, Sthreshley L, Tumba S, Makambo J, Clasen T (2010). Field assessment of a novel household-based water filtration device: a randomised, placebo-controlled trial in the Democratic Republic of Congo. PLOS One 5(9): e12613. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0012613
  13. *Rosa G, Miller L, Clasen T (2010).  The microbiological effectiveness of disinfecting water by boiling in Guatemala.  Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 82(3): 473-77
  14. *Clasen T (2010). Household water treatment and safe storage in low-income countries, in Selendy J., et al. (eds.) Water and Sanitation Related Diseases and the Environment: Challenges, Interventions and Preventive Measures.  New York: Wiley and Sons.
  15. Lantagne D (2010). Comment on An observational study on the effectiveness of point-of-use chlorination. J Environ Health 72(2), 38-9.
  16. Lantagne D, Klarman M, Mayer A, Preston K, Napotnik J, and Jellison K (2010). Effect of production variables on microbiological removal in locally-produced ceramic filters for household water treatment. Int J Environ Health Res 20(3), 171-87.
  17. Lantagne D, Preston K, Blanton E, Kotlarz N, Gezagehn H, van Dusen E, Berens J, and Jellison K (2011). Hypochlorite solution expiry and stability in household water treatment in developing countries. Journal of Environmental Engineering 137(2), 131-6.
  18. *Freeman M., Clasen T (2011).  As assessment of the impact of a school-based safe water intervention on household adoption of point-of-use water treatment practices in Southern India.  Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 84(3):370–378
  19. *Peletz R, Simuyandi M, Sarenje K, Baisley K, Kelly P, Filteau S, Clasen T. (2011) Drinking Water Quality, Feeding Practices and Diarrhea Among Children Under 2 Years of HIV-Positive Mothers in Peri-Urban Zambia.  Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 85(2).
  20. Sodium dichloroisocyanurate (NaDCC) tablets as an alternative to sodium hypochlorite for the routine treatment of drinking water at the household level.
    CLASEN T, Edmondson P (2006) Int'l J. Hyg. & Environ. Health [epub ahead of press: doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2005.11.004]
  21. Interventions to improve water quality for preventing diarrhoea (Cochrane Review).
    CLASEN T, Roberts I, Rabie T, Schmidt W-P, Cairncross S (2006) In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 3, 2006. Oxford: Update Software (in press)

  22. Microbiological performance of a water treatment unit designed for household use in developing countries.
    CLASEN T, Nadakatti S, Menom S (2006) Trop. Med. Int'l Health (in press)

  23. Preventing diarrhoea with household ceramic water filters: assessment of a pilot project in Bolivia.
    CLASEN T, Brown J, Collin S (2006) Intl J. Environ Health Research (in press)

  24. The Drinking Water Response to the Indian Ocean Tsunami, including the role of household water treatment.
    CLASEN T and Smith L. Protection of the Human Environment: Water, Sanitation and Health, Geneva 2005.
  25. Household-based ceramic water filters for the prevention of diarrhea: a randomized, controlled trial of a pilot programme in Colombia
    CLASEN T, Parra GG, Boisson S, Collin S. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2005 Oct; 73(4):790-5.

  26. Safe household water treatment and storage using ceramic drip filters: a randomised controlled trial in Bolivia.
    CLASEN T, Brown J, Suntura O, Collin S. Water Science and Technology. 2004; 50(1):111-5.
  27. Household water management: refining the dominant paradigm.
    CLASEN T, CAIRNCROSS S. Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2004 Feb; 9(2):187-91.
  28. Reducing diarrhea through the use of household-based ceramic water filters: a randomized, controlled trial in rural Bolivia.
    CLASEN T, Brown J, Collin S, Suntura O, CAIRNCROSS S. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2004 Jun; 70(6):651-7.
  29. Is there an association between bacteriological drinking water quality and childhood diarrhoea in developing countries?
    Jensen PK, Jayasinghe G, van der Hoek W, CAIRNCROSS S, Dalsgaard A. Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2004 Nov; 9(11):1210-5.
  30. Effect of chlorination of drinking-water on water quality and childhood diarrhoea in a village in Pakistan.
    Jensen PK, Ensink JH, Jayasinghe G, van der Hoek W, CAIRNCROSS S, Dalsgaard A. Journal of Health and Population Nutrition. 2003 Mar; 21(1):26-31.
  31. Faecal contamination of drinking water during collection and household storage: the need to extend protection to the point of use.
    CLASEN TF, Bastable A. Journal of Water and Health. 2003 Sep; 1(3):109-15.
  32. Domestic transmission routes of pathogens: the problem of in-house contamination of drinking water during storage in developing countries.
    Jensen PK, ENSINK JH, Jayasinghe G, van der Hoek W, CAIRNCROSS S, Dalsgaard A. Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2002 Jul; 7(7):604-9.
  33. Reviewing the health impacts of improvements in water supply.
    Lewin S, Stephens C, CAIRNCROSS S. Urban Health Newsletter. 1997 Mar; (32):34-47.

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Behaviour Change

  1. *Curtis, Valerie, Lisa Danquah and Robert Aunger (2009) ‘Planned, motivated and habitual hygiene behaviour: an eleven country review.’ Health Education Research 24(4): 655-673.
  2. Sniehotta, Falko and Robert Aunger (2010) ‘Stage models of behaviour change’. Health Psychology (2nd edition), edited by David P French, A Kaptein, K Vedhara and John Weinman. Oxford: Wiley/Blackwell.
  3. Aunger, Robert (2010) ‘Three roads to cultural replication’. Evolutionary Psychology and Information Systems Research: A New Approach to Studying the Effects of Modern Technologies on Human Behavior,edited byNed Kock. New York: Springer Verlag, pp. 341-354.
  4. Curtis, V. (in press). Disgust. In V. Ramachandranagain (Ed.), The Encyclopaedia of Human Behaviour (2nd ed.). Oxford: Elsevier.
  5. *Curtis, Valerie and Robert Aunger (in press) ‘Motivational mismatch: Evolved motives as the source of – and solution to – global public health problems’. Practical Uses of Evolutionary Psychology, ed. by Craig Roberts. Oxford University Press. 
  6. *Judah, Gaby, Benjamin Gardner Sood, and Robert Aunger (submitted) ‘Forming a flossing habit: An investigation into the psychological determinants of habit formation’. British Journal of Health Psychology.
  7. *Aunger, Robert and Valerie Curtis (submitted) ‘Consolidating behaviour change approaches.’ Basic and Applied Social Psychology.
  8. Formative research for hygiene promotion in Kyrgyzstan.
    BIRAN A, Tabyshalieva A, Salmorbekova Z. Health Policy and Planning. 2005 Jul; 20(4):213-21.
  9. Creating demand for sanitation and hygiene through Community Health Clubs: a cost-effective intervention in two districts in Zimbabwe.
    WATERKEYN J, CAIRNCROSS S. Social Science and Medicine. 2005 Nov; 61(9):1958-70.
  10. What causes sustainable changes in hygiene behaviour? A cross-sectional study from Kerala, India.
    CAIRNCROSS S, Shordt K, Zacharia S, Govindan BK. Social Science and Medicine. 2005 Nov; 61(10):2212-20.
  11. Evidence of behaviour change following a hygiene promotion programme in Burkina Faso.
    CURTIS V, Kanki B, Cousens S, Diallo I, Kpozehouen A, Sangare M, Nikiema M. Bulletin of the World Health Organisation. 2001; 79(6):518-27.
  12. Hygiene promotion in Burkina Faso.
    CURTIS V, Kanki B. Africa Health. 1998 Jan; 20(2):9, 11-12.
  13. Behavioural Indicators of Household Decision-Making and Demand for Sanitation and Potential Gains from Sanitation Marketing in Ghana.
    JENKINS M, and SCOTT B. 2006.

  14. Serotonin-a link between disgust and immunity?
    Rubio-Godoy, M., R. Aunger, and CURTIS V. (2007). Medical Hypotheses 68(1): 61-66.

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  1. *Curtis, Valerie, Míchèal DeBarra and Robert Aunger (2011) ‘Disgust as an adaptive system for disease avoidance behaviour.’ Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366: 389-401.
  2. *Curtis, V. (in press). Why disgust matters. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci.
  3. *de Barra, Míchèal, Robert Aunger, Diana Fleischman, and Valerie Curtis  (submitted) ‘Infection cues and disgust sensitivity’. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
  4. Evidence that disgust evolved to protect from risk of disease.
    CURTIS V, AUNGER R and RABIE T Proceedings of the Royal Society Biology Letters Supplement, 2003, 0144.
  5. Dirt, Disgust, and Disease: Is Hygiene in Our Genes?
    CURTIS V and BIRAN A. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 44.1, 2001.
  6. Hygiene: How myths, monsters and mothers-in-law can promote behaviour change.
    CURTIS V. Journal of Infection 2001: 43: 75 - 79
  7. Dirt and Disgust: a Darwinian perspective on hygiene.
    CURTIS V, Voncken N and Singh S. Medische Antropologie 11 (1) 143-158 1999.

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  1. Schmidt WP, Cairncross S, Barreto ML, Clasen T, Genser B. (2009) Recent diarrhoeal illness and risk of lower respiratory infections in children under the age of 5 years. Int J Epidemiol. 38(3):766-72.
  2. Schmidt WP, Genser B, Barreto ML, Clasen T, Luby SP, Cairncross S, Chalabi Z. (2010) Sampling strategies to measure the prevalence of common recurrent infections in longitudinal studies. Emerg Themes Epidemiol. 3;7(1):5.
  3. Lantagne D, Cardinali F, and Blount BC (2010). Disinfection by-product formation and mitigation strategies in point-of-use chlorination with sodium dichloroisocyanurate in Tanzania. Am J Trop Med Hyg 83(1), 135-43.
  4. Schmidt WP, Boisson S, Genser B, Barreto ML, Baisley K, Filteau S, Cairncross S. (2010) Weight-for-age z-score as a proxy marker for diarrhoea in epidemiological studies. J Epidemiol Community Health. Dec;64(12):1074-9.
  5. *Brown, J., Stauber, C., Murphy, J., Khan, A.  Mu, T., Elliott, M., and Sobsey, M.  Ambient  temperature incubation for the field detection of E. coli in drinking water. (2011) Journal  of Applied  Microbiology 110(4): 915-923.
  6. *Psutka R, Peletz R, Michelo S, Kelly P, Clasen T (2011).  The microbiological effectiveness and potential cost of boiling drinking water in peri-urban Zambia: a costly and ineffective approach to improve microbiological quality.  Environmental Sci & Tech 45(14):6095-101
  7. Krentel, Alison and Robert Aunger (2011) ‘Causal chain mapping: a novel method to analyse treatment compliance decisions, with application to lymphatic filariasis elimination in Alor, Indonesia’. Health Policy and Planning 26(4): 1-12.
  8. Greenland K, Rondy M, Chevez A, Sadozai N, Gasasira A, Abanida EA, Pate MA, Ronveaux O, Okayasu H, Pezzoli L. Clustered-LQAS: a pragmatic tool to timely assess vaccination coverage. The example of Polio in Northern Nigeria. (2011) Trop Med Int Health. Apr 11
  9. *Wolf-Peter Schmidt, Benjamin F Arnold, Sophie Boisson, Bernd Genser, Stephen P Luby, Mauricio L Barreto, Thomas Clasen, Sandy Cairncross. 2011. Epidemiological methods in diarrhoea studies– an update. International Journal of Epidemiology
  10. Lantagne D, and Clasen T (Accepted). PoUWT in Emergency Response. Waterlines.
  11. Enger K, Nelson K, Clasen T, Rose J, Eisenberg J. (submitted) The sensitivity of effectiveness to incomplete compliance: analysis of a household water treatment intervention trial in the Congo.
  12. Environmental risks in the developing world: exposure indicators for evaluating interventions, programmes, and policies.
    Ezzati M, Utzinger J, CAIRNCROSS S, Cohen AJ, Singer BH. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2005 Jan; 59(1):15-22
  13. Happy, Healthy and Hygienic, How to set up a Hygiene Promotion Programme (books 1-4).
    Unicef, The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, & Ministere de la Sante du Burkina Faso.
  14. Dirt and Diarrhoea: formative research for the design of hygiene promotion programmes.
    CURTIS V, Kanki B, Cousens S, Sanou A and Mertens T. Health Policy and Planning. 1997, 12(2): 122-131.
  15. Reactivity and repeatability of hygiene behaviour: structured observations from Burkina Faso.
    Cousens S, Kanki B, Toure S, Diallo I, CURTIS V. Social Science and Medicine. 1996 Nov; 43 (9):1299-308.
  16. Measuring Hygiene behaviours: Experiences of a comprehensive approach in Burkina Faso.
    Kanki B, CURTIS V, Mertens T, Cousens S and Traoré E. In Studying Hygiene Behaviour: Issues and Experiences. Cairncross A & Kochar V. London, Sage publications 1994.
  17. Structured observations of hygiene behaviours in Burkina Faso: validity, variability, and utility.
    CURTIS V, Cousens S, Mertens T, Traore E, Kanki B, Diallo I. Bulletin of the World Health Organisation. 1993; 71(1):23-32.
  18. Masters of Marketing: Bringing Private Sector Skills to Public Health Partnerships.
    CURTIS VA, Garbrah-Aidoo N, Scott B. American Journal of Public Health 2007; 97 (4):634-41.

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Policy and Implementation

  1. *Clasen, T (2010).  Scaling up household water treatment among low-income populations (Chapter 10), Smith et al. (eds), From One to Many:  Scaling Up Health Programs.  Dhaka: BRAC University
  2. Lantagne D (2009). Viability of commercially available bleach for water treatment in developing countries. Am J Public Health 99(11), 1975-8.
  1. Schmidt WP. (2009) Setting priorities in diarrhoeal disease research: merits and pitfalls of expert opinion. J Health Popul Nutr. 27(3):313-5.
  2. Curtis, V. (2009). Keep Clean! In L. Gollogly (Ed.), Public Health campaigns: getting the message across. Geneva: WHO.
  3. *Brown J, Outlaw T, Clasen T, Wu J, Sobsey M (2009). Safe Water for All:  Harnessing the Power of the Private Sector to Reach the Underserved.  Washington, DC: International Finance Corporation/World Bank Group.
  4. *Freeman, MC, Quick, RE, Ougtu, P. Abbott, DP, Rheingans R, (2009) Removing barriers to point-of-use water treatment products through social marketing and entrepreneurship: A case study in Western Kenya.  Journal of Water and Health. 7(3): 527-34.
  5. *Sobsey, M. and Brown, J.  (2011)  Evaluating household water treatment options: health- based targets and performance specifications.  Geneva: World Health Organization. 
  6. *Lantagne D,  Clasen T (2011). Assessing the Implementation of Selected Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage (HWTS) Methods in Emergency Settings. London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. London, UK
  7. Cravioto A, Lanata C, Lantagne D, and Nair GB (2011). Final Report of the Independent Panel of Experts on the Cholera Outbreak in Haiti. Presented to the Secretary-General of the UN.
  8. Rayner J, Lantagne D, and working group members (2011). Best Practice Recommendations for Local Manufacturing of Ceramic Pot Filters for Household Water Treatment. Atlanta, GA, USA.
  9. *Lantagne D, and Clasen T (2011). Assessing the Sustained Uptake Of Selected Point-of-Use Water Treatment Methods (PoUWT) In Emergency Settings. LSHTM, London, UK.
  10. Kahn JG, Harris B, Mermin JH, Clasen T, Lugada E, Grabowsky M, Vestergaard M, Garg N. (submitted) Cost of integrated community prevention campaign for malaria, HIV, and diarrhea in rural Kenya.
  11. *Trinies V, Freeman M, Hennink M, Clasen T. (submitted) The role of social networks on the adoption of household water filters by women in self-help groups in rural India. J of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development.
  12. *Mark Grabowsky, Eric Lugada, Mikkel Vestergaard, Navneet Garg, James G. Kahn, Rose Donna, Rose Bosire, John Haskew, Thomas Clasen, Jonathan Mermin.  (submitted) Rapid, high and equitable coverage and use of HIV testing, bednets and water filters following an integrated mass implementation campaign in Kenya.
  13. International network to promote household water treatment and safe storage.
    CLASEN TF, Mintz ED. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2004 Jun; 10(6):1179-80.
  14. Water, sanitation, and hygiene at Kyoto.
    CURTIS V, CAIRNCROSS S. British Medical Journal. 2003 Jul 5; 327(7405):3-4.
  15. The public-private partnership for the Central American handwashing initiative: reflections from a private sector perspective.
  16. Financing the development and commercialization of small-scale water treatment systems.
    Clasen T In Proceedings of the Third NSF International Symposium on Small Drinking Water and Wastewater Systems 329-38, 2001.

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Wastewater Use

  1. Wastewater use in agriculture
    Editorial: New international guidelines for wastewater use in agriculture. Tropical Medicine and International Health,
    Ensink, J. H. J. & van der Hoek, W. (2007).12 (5), 575- 577.
  2. Giardia duodenalis infection and wastewater irrigation in Pakistan. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene,
    Ensink, J.H.J., van der Hoek, W & Amerasinghe, F. P. (2006). 100, 538-542
  3. High risk of hookworm infection among wastewater farmers in Pakistan. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene,
    Ensink, J.H.J., van der Hoek, W., Mukhtar, M., Tahir, Z., & Amerasinghe, F.P. (2005). 99, 809-818.
  4. A nation-wide assessment of wastewater use in Pakistan: an obscure activity or a vitally important one? Water policy, Ensink, J.H.J., Mahmood, T., van der Hoek, W., Raschid-Sally, L. & Amerasinghe, F.P. (2004). 6, 197- 206.
  5. Wastewater-irrigated vegetables: market handling versus irrigation water quality. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 12 suppl. 2, 2-7
    Ensink, J. H. J., T. Mahmood & A. Dalsgaard. (2007).

  6. Water management and vector breeding
    The importance of waste stabilization ponds and wastewater irrigation in the generation of vector mosquitoes in Pakistan. Journal of Medical Entomology,
    Mukhtar, M., Ensink, J.H.J., van der Hoek, W., Amerasinghe, F.P. & Konradsen, F. (2006). 43 (5), 996-1003.
  7. Adult anopheline ecology and malaria transmission in an irrigated area of south Punjab, Pakistan. Medical and Veterinary Entomology,
    Herrel, N., Amerasinghe, F.P., Ensink, J., Mukhtar, M., van der Hoek, W., & Konradsen, F. (2004). 18, 141-152.
  8. Role of wastewater irrigation in mosquito breeding in South Punjab, Pakistan. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health,
    Mukhtar, M., Herrel, N., Amerasinghe, F.P., Ensink, J., van der Hoek, W., & Konradsen, F. (2002). 34 (1), 72-80.
  9. Breeding of Anopheles mosquitoes in irrigated areas of South Punjab, Pakistan. Medical and Veterinary Entomology,
    Herrel, N., Amerasinghe, F.P., Ensink, J., Mukhtar, M., van der Hoek, W., & Konradsen, F. (2001). 15 (3), 236-248.

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  1. Aunger, Robert (2009). ‘Human communication as niche construction,’ in Pattern and Process in Cultural Evolution, ed. by Stephen Shennan. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 33-44.
  2. Baune BT, Schmidt WP, Roesler A, Berger K. (2009) Functional consequences of subcortical white matter lesions and MRI-defined brain infarct in an elderly general population. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol. 22(4):266-73.
  3. Aunger, Robert (2010) ‘Types of technology.’ Technological Forecasting and Social Change 77:762-782.
  4. Aunger, Robert (2010) ‘What’s special about human technology?’ Cambridge Journal of Economics 34:115-123.
  5. *Peletz, R.; Filteau, S. (2010) Safe water and HIV-exposed infants. J Infect Dis 201(9):1441-2; author reply 1442-4.
  6. Schmidt WP, Pebody R, Mangtani P. (2010) School absence data for influenza surveillance: a pilot study in the United Kingdom. Euro Surveill. 15(3). pii: 19467.
  7. Ousmane Touré, Salimata Coulibaly, Aminata Arby, Farmata Maiga and Sandy Cairncross (2011) Improving microbiological food Safety in peri-urban Mali; an experimental study. Food Control 22:1565-1572
  8. Wolf-Peter Schmidt, Motoi Suzuki, Vu Dinh Thiem, Richard G White, Ataru Tsuzuki,Lay-Myint Yoshida, Hideki Yanai, Ubydul Haque, Le Huu Tho, DangDuc Anh, Koya Ariyoshi (2011) Population density, water supply and the risk of dengue fever in Vietnam: cohort study and spatial analysis. PLoS Medicine
  9. Revisiting the tsunami: health consequences of flooding.
    Morgan O, Ahern M, CAIRNCROSS S. PLoS Med. 2005 Jun; 2(6):e184.
  10. The intensity of transmission of hepatitis A and heterogeneities in socio-environmental risk factors in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Amaku M de Almeida, RS Azevedo, S CAIRNCROSS & E Massad; Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg; 2002, 96, 605-610.
  11. The Electric Meme: A new theory of how we think.
    AUNGER R Free Press, 2002
  12. Evaluation of the dracunculiasis surveillance system in 4 districts in Ghana.
    CAIRNCROSS S. Weekly epidemiological record No.32, 2005; 80, 12 Aug;

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